The novel 1984 by george orwell
Nineteen Eighty-Four - WikipediaThe story was mostly written at Barnhill , a farmhouse on the Scottish island of Jura , at times while Orwell suffered from severe tuberculosis. Thematically, Nineteen Eighty-Four centres on the risks of government overreach, totalitarianism , and repressive regimentation of all persons and behaviours within society. The story takes place in an imagined future, the year , when much of the world has fallen victim to perpetual war , omnipresent government surveillance , historical negationism , and propaganda. Great Britain, known as Airstrip One, has become a province of a superstate named Oceania that is ruled by the Party who employ the Thought Police to persecute individuality and independent thinking. The protagonist, Winston Smith , is a diligent and skillful rank-and-file worker and Party member who secretly hates the Party and dreams of rebellion. He enters a forbidden relationship with a co-worker, Julia. Nineteen Eighty-Four has become a classic literary example of political and dystopian fiction.
Doublethink Is Stronger Than Orwell Imagined
Throughout the Cold War, the novel found avid underground readers behind the Iron Curtain who wondered, How did he know? It was also assigned reading for several generations of American high-school students. I first encountered in 10th-grade English class. I was too young and historically ignorant to understand where came from and exactly what it was warning against. Neither the book nor its author stuck with me.
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Sixty years after the publication of Orwell's masterpiece, Nineteen Eighty-Four, that crystal first line sounds as natural and compelling as ever. But when you see the original manuscript, you find something else: not so much the ringing clarity, more the obsessive rewriting, in different inks, that betrays the extraordinary turmoil behind its composition. Probably the definitive novel of the 20th century, a story that remains eternally fresh and contemporary, and whose terms such as "Big Brother", "doublethink" and "newspeak" have become part of everyday currency, Nineteen Eighty-Four has been translated into more than 65 languages and sold millions of copies worldwide, giving George Orwell a unique place in world literature. The circumstances surrounding the writing of Nineteen Eighty-Four make a haunting narrative that helps to explain the bleakness of Orwell's dystopia. Here was an English writer, desperately sick, grappling alone with the demons of his imagination in a bleak Scottish outpost in the desolate aftermath of the second world war. His novel, which owes something to Yevgeny Zamyatin's dystopian fiction We, probably began to acquire a definitive shape during , around the time he and his wife, Eileen adopted their only son, Richard. Orwell himself claimed that he was partly inspired by the meeting of the Allied leaders at the Tehran Conference of
Nineteen Eighty-four , also published as , novel by English author George Orwell published in as a warning against totalitarianism. The chilling dystopia made a deep impression on readers, and his ideas entered mainstream culture in a way achieved by very few books. The book is set in in Oceania, one of three perpetually warring totalitarian states the other two are Eurasia and Eastasia. Oceania is governed by the all-controlling Party, which has brainwashed the population into unthinking obedience to its leader, Big Brother. He belongs to the Outer Party, and his job is to rewrite history in the Ministry of Truth, bringing it in line with current political thinking. He embarks on a forbidden affair with Julia, a like-minded woman, and they rent a room in a neighbourhood populated by Proles short for proletariats. Winston also becomes increasingly interested in the Brotherhood, a group of dissenters.