Encyclopedia of global warming and climate change pdf
Climate change - Credo ReferenceThe history of the scientific discovery of climate change began in the early 19th century when ice ages and other natural changes in paleoclimate were first suspected and the natural greenhouse effect first identified. In the late 19th century, scientists first argued that human emissions of greenhouse gases could change the climate. Many other theories of climate change were advanced, involving forces from volcanism to solar variation. In the s, the warming effect of carbon dioxide gas became increasingly convincing. Some scientists also pointed out that human activities that generated atmospheric aerosols e. During the s, scientific opinion increasingly favored the warming viewpoint.
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Encyclopedia of Global Warming & Climate Change
Understanding the causes of and responses to global warming requires interdisciplinary cooperation between social and natural scientists. The theory behind global warming has been understood by climatologists since at least the s, but only in the new millennium, with an apparent tipping point in , has the mounting empirical evidence convinced most doubters, politicians, and the general public as well as growing sections of business that global warming caused by human action is occurring. Emissions of CO 2 have been rising at a speed unprecedented in human history, due to accelerating fossil fuel burning that began in the Industrial Revolution. Debate continues about which manifestations are due to long-term climate change and which to normal climate variability. Global warming involves an unprecedented speeding up of the rate of change in natural processes, which now converges with the previously much faster rate of change in human societies, leading to a crisis of adaptation. Most authoritative scientific bodies predict that on present trends a point of no return could come within ten years, and that the world needs to cut emissions by 50 percent by mid twenty-first century. It was natural scientists who first discovered and raised global warming as a political problem.
Save to My Library. Fracking is a controversial form of drilling that uses high-pressure liquid to create cracks in underground shale to extract natural gas and petroleum. Carbon emissions from fossils fuels like these have been linked to global warming and climate change. Climate is sometimes mistaken for weather. But climate is different from weather because it is measured over a long period of time, whereas weather can change from day to day, or from year to year.
Forgot your login information? Edited by: S. George Philander. Subject: Environmental Sociology , Climatography. The Encyclopedia of Global Warming and Climate Change helps readers learn about the astonishingly intricate processes that make ours the only planet known to be habitable. These three volumes include more than articles that explore major topics related to global warming and climate change—ranging geographically from the North Pole to the South Pole, and thematically from social effects to scientific causes.
The Encyclopedia of Global Warming and Climate Change helps readers learn about the astonishingly intricate processes that make ours the.
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This three-volume set presents entries and primary sources that will impress on readers that what we do—or don't do—today regarding climate change will dramatically influence what life on this planet will be like for untold numbers of generations. How are the behaviors of birds, butterflies, and other migratory animals connected to climate change? - If you'd like to post on other sites, please contact support credoreference.
Save to My Library. Ash spews from a coal-fueled power plant in New Johnsonville, Tennessee. Though this warming trend has been going on for a long time, its pace has significantly increased in the last hundred years due to the burning of fossil fuels. As the human population has increased, so has the volume of fossil fuels burned. Gases produced by the burning of fossil fuels prevent the heat from leaving the atmosphere.
Forgot your login information? Edited by: S. George Philander. The First Edition of the Encyclopedia of Global Warming and Climate Change provided a multi-authored, academic yet non-technical resource for students and teachers to understand the importance of global warming, to appreciate the effects of human activity and greenhouse gases around the world, and to learn the history of climate change and the research enterprise examining it. This edition was well received, with notable reviews.
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