The odyssey book 3 and 4
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Elliot Explains: The Odyssey (Book 3)
HOMER, ODYSSEY 3
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From what war is Odysseus attempting to return home?
Here the townsfolk on the shore of the sea were offering sacrifice of black bulls to the dark-haired Earth-shaker. Nine companies there were, and five hundred men sat in each, and in each they held nine bulls ready for sacrifice. Now when they had tasted the inner parts and were burning the thigh-pieces to the god, the others put straight in to the shore, and hauled up and furled the sail of the shapely ship, and moored her, and themselves stepped forth. Forth too from the ship stepped Telemachus, and Athena led the way. For to this end hast thou sailed over the sea, that thou mightest seek tidings of thy father, —where the earth covered him, and what fate he met.
At Pylos, Telemachus and Mentor Athena in disguise witness an impressive religious ceremony in which dozens of bulls are sacrificed to Poseidon, the god of the sea. Nestor, however, has no information about the Greek hero. He recounts that after the fall of Troy a falling-out occurred between Agamemnon and Menelaus, the two Greek brothers who had led the expedition. Menelaus set sail for Greece immediately, while Agamemnon decided to wait a day and continue sacrificing on the shores of Troy. Nestor went with Menelaus, while Odysseus stayed with Agamemnon, and he has heard no news of Odysseus. He says that he can only pray that Athena will show Telemachus the kindness that she showed Odysseus. Nestor explains that Agamemnon returned from Troy to find that Aegisthus, a base coward who remained behind while the Greeks fought in Troy, had seduced and married his wife, Clytemnestra.
All rights reserved. They tend to do that a lot, and it's probably not unrelated to the two key facts: Poseidon is both powerful and highly temperamental. This is a good thing to hear—especially in ancient Greece. Still, before any speeches are made, the Ithakans are invited to a sacrificial feast. After they feast, it's time to find out where the Ithakans came from and what they're after. Telemachos, all jazzed up for his big speech , introduces them and asks for news about Odysseus whom Nestor fought alongside at Troy. Nestor, reminded of the Trojan War, laments how long and difficult it was.